Why Is Gum Lifting an Important Cosmetic Dental Procedure?

Gum lifting can also be referred to as gum contouring, crown lengthening or gingivectomy. It is a cosmetic dental procedure that functions in raising and sculpting the gum line. The process entails removal of some of the gum tissues, correcting asymmetrical gum lines and reshaping the underlying bone structure. Depending on the needs of a patient, gum lifting can be done for cosmetic or health reasons.
Benefits of Gum Lifting
1. Treatments for Gum Abnormalities
Gum abnormalities like extreme gummy smiles can affect your visual appeal. As a result, you will lack self-confidence at work and within your social circles. The objective of the surgery in this instance is to provide you with an aesthetically charming smile. It will get rid of the excess tissues that are causing the gums to bulge. This is in addition to correcting the symmetry between the teeth and gums.
2. Treatment for Periodontal Diseases
Periodontal diseases such as gingivitis can weaken your teeth. This in turn can cause some of your teeth to fall off. The disease encourages accumulation of the periodontitis bacteria inside the mouth, which cause halitosis (i.e. bad breath), erosion of the gums and bones.
Cosmetic dentists will recommend gum contouring because it reframes the supporting teeth structure. This is important in strengthening the teeth. Removal of unhealthy tissues will also slow down growth of the bacteria.
3. Treatment for Damaged Teeth
Advanced tooth decay and cavity can extend deep into the gums. This can make conventional treatments like filling less effective. Crown lengthening enables the cosmetic dentist to get to the areas of the tooth that have been affected by decay or cavity, but is hidden under the gum. Consequently, the dentist will be able to effectively apply treatments like root canal, which is important in preventing further damage to your teeth.
What Happens Before the Gum Lifting Procedure?
Before gum lifting can be done, the dentist will take X-rays of your mouth and teeth. This is to determine the extent of damage to the gums and teeth. Hinging on the severity of a dental disorder, the dentist may also recommend teeth cleaning. This is to get rid of microbes in the mouth that may compromise the results of the treatment.
How Long Does the Treatment Take?
The procedure is done on out-patient basis. Depending on the depth of the surgery, the process can take roughly 30 minute to complete. It’s performed while the patient is sedated. Consequently, the entire process is painless.
Gum reshaping will improve your aesthetic appeal and help to prevent potential dental disorders that may affect your oral health.


Benefits of Laser Hair Removal

Benefits-of-Laser-Hair-RemovalGetting rid of unwanted hair from the body can be challenging and difficult. Thanks to technology, there are a number of hair removal techniques such as laser and intense pulsed light which you can use to permanently get rid of hair from your body.

The reasons for opting for laser hair removal over other techniques are numerous. For instance, there are people who are scared of the pain and reactions caused by hair removal methods like waxing. On the other hand, there are people who are uncomfortable with the itchy feeling, discoloration of the skin and scarring that are usually accompanied by shaving. Listed below, are some of the reasons why you need to consider using laser hair removal when it comes to eliminating unwanted hair from your legs, chest and back:

Lasting Results

Unlike shaving, you do not have to use laser treatment at least 3-4 times in a week. This in turn ensures that you are always ready to dress no matter what time of the week. Whereas laser treatment is permanent, you need to go for at least five treatments in order to guarantee 80% to 90% hair loss. A majority of people who have used laser treatment confess to shaving at least once in a month rather than on a daily basis.

On the other hand, if you choose to go for more than five laser treatments, you can be sure that you will not be able to shave at least for next six months.

Lesser Ingrown Hairs

Given that laser hair treatments enable you to minimize the amount of hair on your body by at least 90%, the treatment also guarantees fewer chances of ingrown hairs by at least 90%. This is the main reason why a majority of people prefer this form of hair removal when it comes to getting rid of facial hair and other smaller areas of the body like the neck.

Smooth and Soft Skin

While waxing is a form of permanent skin removal method, most people who use this technique, especially women and athletes have a stubbly feeling on their legs after 4 to 6 days. Laser hair treatment will guarantee smooth and soft skin for at least 4 weeks. Even if there is hair growth, they are light and thin.

Fewer Discolorations and Scarring

Laser hair removal treatment is increasingly being preferred because it does not cause discoloration and scarring. Moreover, since there are no risks of ingrown hairs, you will not have to worry about itching and irritation of the skin as is the case after shaving.

In as much as excessive hair growth on the skin can be embarrassing, the discoloration caused after shaving or waxing can equally be embarrassing. Since laser treatment eliminates 90% of your body and facial hair, you will not have to worry about discoloration. Then again, if there are slight discolorations on the skin, they can easily be removed by making use of lightening creams.

The benefits of laser hair removal techniques are more than just cosmetic appeal. Laser hair removal also provides both emotional and psychological benefits.

Rheumatic Fever – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Tests-and-Diagnosis-for- Rheumatic-Fever

Tests-and-Diagnosis-for- Rheumatic-Fever

What is Rheumatic Fever?

Rheumatic Fever is classified as an inflammatory ailment which develops as a result of poorly medicated strep throat. This is a condition that is triggered by a certain type of bacteria known as streptococcus. Rheumatic Fever is quite prevalent in children aged between 5 and 15 years. Then again, it is important to point out that the infection can develop in both teenagers and adults. Even though the condition is quite rare in the US as well as developing nations, Rheumatic Fever is still a source of concern in a majority of developing countries.

If left untreated for a long time, Rheumatic Fever can cause serious health complications, for example, heart damage. Seeking medical treatment at the right time will not only help in minimizing tissue damage as a result of inflammation, but alleviate the discomforts and pains associated with the signs and symptoms associated with the disease. Then again, treatment is required in order to prevent possible recurrences of the infection in the future.

Symptoms of Rheumatic Fever

The signs and symptoms associated with Rheumatic Fever tend to differ from one person to the other. There are people who experience multiple symptoms and those who only experience a few indicators. Still, the indicators can also alter during the duration of the ailment. The start of Rheumatic Fever infection often occurs during the first 4 weeks. This is usually after contracting strep throat infection.

The most common signs and symptoms of Rheumatic Fever are those that are associated with the inflammation of the heart, central nervous system, skin and joints. Then again, there are certain signs and symptoms which can indicate to you that you are suffering from this bacterial infection. Listed below, are other symptoms of Rheumatic Fever:

–          Chest pains.

–          Exhaustion.

–          Shortness of breath.

–          Fever.

–          Increased heart rate.

–          Inflamed joints. The pain can at times be excruciating such that you cannot move or walk properly.

–          Migration of pain from one joint to the other.

–          Surges of abnormal behaviors, for example, inapt laughing, improper crying. These behaviors are usually accompanied by Sydenham chorea.

–          Swollen and painful joints. The tenderness mostly occurs in the elbows, ankles, wrists and knees. Once in a while you may experience pain in the shoulders, feet and hips.

–          Tiny, painless lumps under the skin.

When Should You See a Doctor?

Perhaps the biggest question that one has as soon as they realize that they have Rheumatic Fever is when they should seek medical treatment. The instance you notice signs and symptoms associated with strep throat, you need to see a doctor. Correct and timely treatment of strep throat can deter Rheumatic Fever. Take your child to the nearest pediatrician as soon as you notice the following symptoms in your child:

–          Rashes on the skin.

–          Problems with swallowing foods and drinks. At times, your child may find it hard to swallow saliva.

–          Blood-like discharge coming from the nose. This is a common indicator in children less than 3 years.

–          Sore throat which is not accompanied by cold and flu symptoms like runny nose.

–          Sore throat which is accompanied by inflamed, tender lymph glands.

You also need to call or visit the nearest health center if you notice the following fever symptoms in your child:

–          Infants who are less than six weeks old and are experiencing temperatures of 37.8 degrees Celsius.

–          Toddlers aged between six weeks and two years who are experiencing temperatures of more than 38.9 degrees Celsius.

–          If you child has been experiencing high temperatures for more than two days.

Do not hesitate to see a doctor if your child displays some of the signs and symptoms commonly associated with Rheumatic Fever.

What Causes Rheumatic Fever?

Rheumatic Fever often occurs following a throat infection. The ailment is triggered by a type of bacteria commonly referred to as Streptococcus. This is the same type of bacteria that is known to trigger various throat infections such as strep throat. While there is a genus of the bacteria that causes skin infections, this class has not been known to cause Rheumatic Fever.

The precise connection between Rheumatic Fever and Strep Throat infection is still a mystery to doctors and scientists. However, several clinical studies show that the bacteria ‘deceives’ the immune system. The bacteria causing strep throat comprises of a type of protein which is akin to the types of proteins that are found in tissues and cells in the body. Consequently, the body’s defenses that would normally fight the bacteria, target the body’s tissues and cells thereby treating them in the same way as infection. This type of reaction by the immune system is what triggers inflammation in the heart, central nervous system joints and skin.

Chances of contracting Rheumatic Fever are extremely minimal if you have properly been treated for strep bacteria using the right antibiotics. Then again, treatment has to be done on time and the prescribed dosage completed. Incorrect treatment of strep throat is what usually causes recurrences in children in addition to making them susceptible to Rheumatic Fever. It is for this reason that you need to see a doctor the instant you have noticed the symptoms of strep.

Risk Factors

There are certain factors which may increase your chances of suffering from Rheumatic Fever. Listed below, are some of the risk factors that may enhance the risks of contracting the infection:

–          Family History: There are certain genetic structures that make one prone to Rheumatic Fever. If there have been cases of Rheumatic Fever in your family, there are chances that you too may suffer from the condition in the foreseeable future.

–          Strains of Strep Bacteria: There are particular types of strep bacteria that can make you more susceptible to the condition.

–          Environmental Issues: According to the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), a big percentage of Rheumatic Fever diagnosis can be attributed to environmental factors. If you have been exposed to strep bacteria, there are chances that you may be affected the ailment in the foreseeable future.


As is the case with other bacterial infections, if left untreated, Rheumatic Fever can trigger a number of health complications. The resulting complications can be long-term, meaning that you will require lifetime treatment.

Rheumatic heart disease is one of the complications triggered by this disease. The condition is triggered by irritation of rheumatic fever. Most of the issues are usually linked to the valves in the left chamber of the heart. Still, it is important to point out that you may experience issues with the valves in the other chamber.

Damages to the valves in the heart can result in the following conditions:

–          Valve stenosis.

–          Valve regurgitation.

–          Injury of the heart muscle.

Getting Ready for the Appointment

If you have noticed the signs and symptoms of Rheumatic Fever in your child, it is important that you consult a pediatrician. However, as you are getting ready for the doctor’s appointment, there are a couple of things that you can do. For example:

–          Prepare a list of signs and symptoms that your child has been experiencing. Do not forget to note down even the slightest symptoms that you thought were not of any consequence.

–          A list of ailments that your child has suffered from in the recent past.

–          Medications that your child is currently on. This should include lists of vitamins and supplements.

In addition to the above, do not forget to ask your doctor as many questions as possible in regards to Rheumatic Fever. For instance:

–          What is the right treatment for rheumatic fever?

–          How long does it take for the rheumatic fever to clear?

–          What measures can be taken in order to avoid possible recurrences of rheumatic fever in the future?

Tests and Diagnosis for Rheumatic Fever

Your physician will conclude that either you or your child is suffering from Rheumatic Fever by:

–          Assessing the signs and symptoms reported.

–          Checking for presence of inflammation.

–          Determining if you or your child recently suffered from strep throat.

Physical Examination

Physical examination is needed in order to:

–          Determine if there are signs of inflammation in the body.

–          Establish if there are tiny lumps under the skin.

–          Determine cardiac activity.

Rheumatic Fever Treatment

The objective of Rheumatic Fever treatment is to annihilate any sign of strep bacteria in the body. Treatment is also carried out with an aim of relieving the signs and symptoms associated with the infection. Listed below, are some of the medications that are commonly used in the treatment of Rheumatic Fever:

–          Antibiotics.

–          Anti-inflammatory agents.

–          Anticonvulsant medications.

Your also need to discus with your doctor about the possibility of long-term care as well as follow-ups. Routine checkups are recommended in order to determine if the infection caused some damage to your heart.

Preventing Rheumatic Fever

The only way through which you can prevent this infection from occurring in the first place is treating strep throat infection properly.


What Is a Prolapse?


In a layman’s term, prolapse is a health disorder characterized by displacement of either an organ or tissue. According to the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), prolapse manifests in different forms. Uterine, rectal and mitral valve are some of the common forms of prolapse.

While there are different types of treatment available that can be used to manage this medical condition, more than often surgery is needed in order to rectify the slipped organ or tissue. Discussed herein, are the different types of prolapse.

Mitral Valve Prolapse

Mitral Valve Prolapse, also commonly referred to as MVP is triggered when the valve separating the left atrium (i.e. left upper chamber) and left ventricle (i.e. left lower chamber) isn’t closing properly.

Mitral Valve Prolapse causes the valve to bulge either upwards or backwards inside the left chamber of the heart. The condition can at times cause the blood to seep backwards inside the left chamber of the heart.

According to several medical studies published online, mitral valve prolapse is not fatal. As a matter of fact, a majority of people diagnosed with the condition do not need medication or radical changes to their lifestyles. Still, there are people who need treatment in order to manage the symptoms triggered by the condition.

Mitral Valve Prolapse Symptoms

Even though mitral valve prolapse is categorized as a lifelong condition, a majority of people suffering from this disorder do not display symptoms. Upon being diagnosed with MVP, majorities of people are astonished to realize that they are suffering from a heart disorder.

The appearance of mitral valve prolapse symptoms is an indication of blood seeping backwards into the left chamber. The signs and symptoms of this condition may differ from one patient to the other. At the beginning, the symptoms are mild. But with time, you may notice the indicators getting worse. Listed below, are some of the common signs and symptoms associated with mitral valve symptoms:

–          Unexplained fatigue.

–          Pain in the chest. More than often, people experiencing this sign think that they are getting a heart attack.

–          Irregular heartbeat. At times, you may feel as if your heart is racing.

–          Lightheadedness. Due to dizziness, there are people who experience blackouts.

–          Difficulty in breathing. Normally, shortness of breath occurs when you are lying down or doing a strenuous physical activity.

When Is the Right Time to Consult a Heart Specialist?

Should you experience any of the signs and symptoms mentioned above, it is important that you consult a heart specialist. There are several other medical conditions that may trigger symptoms similar to mitral valve prolapse. Only a doctor will be able to determine whether the symptoms you are experiencing are related to heart valve prolapse.

If you are feeling pains in the chest and are not certain if it is a progressing cardiac arrest, you need to immediately seek medical assistance. On the other hand, if your doctor has already determined that you are suffering from mitral valve prolapse and the symptoms seem to be worsening, make an appointment with a doctor immediately.

Uterine Prolapse

Uterine Prolapse is characterized by stretching and weakening of the pelvic base muscles as well as ligaments. This in turn causes the uterus to lack the proper support it requires, thereby causing it to slip down inside the vagina. Supportive tissues can be damaged either during the delivery process or pregnancy. Loss of estrogen, recurrent straining and gravity are also some of the other factors that can cause stretching and weakening of the pelvic floor muscles.

Whereas Uterine Prolapse can affect women of all ages, women who are in postmenopausal stage are more prone to the condition especially if they have had multiple vaginal deliveries.

Most women who suffer from slight uterine prolapse do not require treatment. But, if the condition causes to experience pains and discomforts, thereby preventing you from going about your normal chores, it is important that you seek medical assistance.

Uterine Prolapse Symptoms

The severity of uterine prolapse may differ from one person to the other. Most women suffering from slight uterine prolapse hardly display signs and symptoms. Listed below, are some of the common signs and symptoms that people suffering from either slight or acute uterine prolapse may display:

–          Lower back aches.

–          Feeling of heavy weight in the pelvic area.

–          Issues with normal bowel movements.

–          Problems with urinary, for example, leakage of urine.

Unless the condition is severe, treatment is not necessary. Nonetheless, if the signs and symptoms deteriorate, thus affecting your daily chores, seek medical assistance.

World Prostate Cancer Statistics

Because not all cases of prostate cancer are reported, it is hard to come across a reliable statistic. Still, it is crucial that you acquaint yourself with prostate cancer statistics. From the statistics, you will be able to know which countries are more prone to the disease than others thereby enabling you to take necessary measures to keep the disease at bay. Listed below, are some of the recent figures in regards to prostate cancer in the world.

  • Cases of prostate cancer are quite rare in Eastern and Southern Asia. The disease is also least in Asian men. It does not matter whether they reside in their native countries or abroad. According to the CDC – Center for Disease Control, this can be attributed to nutrition. Diet in Easter and Southern Asia is mainly composed of vegetables and fish.
  • Prostate cancer is quite common in North America, especially in the United States. The CDC states that prostate cancer is the main cause of death in the US than any other disease in men.

The disease is also prevalent in European countries such as UK. As a matter of fact, prostate cancer is the second most common form of cancer in UK. May be the main cause for this is the fact that nearly all cases of prostate cancer are reported in the UK compared to other countries.

High consumption of animal fat is the other reason why cases of prostate cancer are on the rise in the United States and UK.

  • Prostate cancer is common in older men. Men aged 50 and above are more likely to be diagnosed with the disease. Surprisingly, men who are aged 70 and above live with prostate cancer without knowing it.
  • The survival rate for men with prostate cancer in England as at the end of December, 2001 was pegged at 71%. This is a huge contrast to the 40% survival rate in 1975. This can be attributed to the advancement in technology.

Prostate Cancer Diets – Organic Foods that Can Help With Prostate Issues

According to a recent research by CDC – Center for Disease Control, it was found that prostate cancer is quite prevalent in certain countries compared to others. The main reason for this was attributed to nutrition. Eastern Cultures, for example, China and Japan eat foods that are rich in vegetables thereby making prostate cancer cases quite rare. On the other hand, North American diet is mainly composed of animal fat thus making inhabitants susceptible to cancer. It is for this reason that a lot of emphasis is being placed on nutrition as the key to preventing and controlling prostate cancer. Listed below, are some of the prostate cancer diets that you can take in order to lower your susceptibility to the disease.

  1. 1.       Tomato Salad

Tomatoes are rich in lycopene as well as glutathione. These are organic components that are critical in preventing prostate cancer and other forms of cancer. If you cannot eat tomato salad on a daily basis, then you can make a point of eating at least 2 tomatoes every day.

  1. 2.       Cabbage

Cabbage as well as other members of the same family, for instance, broccoli, Brussels and cauliflower are rich in cysteine and vitamin C. These are elements that are critical in preventing cancerous cells, for example, prostate, lung, ovary, colon and breast. Including a single serving of cabbage, broccoli, or cauliflower can help in making you less prone to cancer. Moreover, the antioxidant elements found in these vegetables can help in preventing and managing other diseases such as heart ailments.

  1. 3.       Pumpkin

Pumpkins are made up of carotenoids which are essential in preventing cancer and other diseases. Besides pumpkins, you can also eat green leafy vegetables like leek.

In addition to the above, you can include in your diet legumes such as soybeans, nuts and oil fish like salmon and sardines.

How Beta Sitosterol Can Help With Enlarged Prostate Cancer

Enlarged prostate is a condition that affects thousands of men worldwide. Because prostate is a disease that only affects men several studies have been conducted with an aim of finding treatments as well as preventive therapies. Beta Sitosterol is one of the remedies for enlarged prostate that has withstood the sands of time.

What is Beta Sitosterol?

This is an organic component that is mainly found in plants and vegetables. The ingredient is basically a plant sterol which is commonly contrasted to cholesterol. As such, it is widely used for treating elevated cholesterol in men plus cardiac ailments. Whereas Bets Sitosterol is not available in foods in large quantities, it is generally utilized in herbal treatments or taken as dietary supplement.

How Can Beta Sitosterol Help With Enlarged Prostate?

This organic ingredient minimizes inflammation and restores prostate to its actual dimension. Once the healthy size has been attained, discomforts and pains which are usually associated with urination will come to an end. Nonetheless, it is important to point out that the ingredient is often used in combination with other herbal treatments and is readily accessible as an over-the-counter medication.

Failing to seek treatment for an enlarged prostate can result in a number of unpleasant side effects. More than often, the side effects are related to urination, for example:

–          Frequent passing of the urine.

–          Blood spots in the urine.

–          Burning sensation while passing urine.

–          In ability to empty the bladder.

–          Inability to maintain a steady flow of urine.

Other signs and symptoms associated with enlarged prostate include irregular sleep patterns, lower back pains, abdominal pains, discomfort while ejaculating, feeling of exhaustion, anxiety and fever. Since some of the indicators listed above are also linked to other ailments, it is paramount that you seek medical attention the instant you start noticing any of these signs and symptoms.

10 Benefits of Training on an Exercise Bike

Exercise bike is one of the highly sorts after home fitness equipment. Stationary bikes are not only user friendly, but are light and portable.

Exercise bikes are the easiest and simplest ways to stay fit and healthy from the comfort of your own home. Their ergonomic design makes them suitable for virtually every member of the family. In comparison to jogging or walking, stationary bikes are the best fat burning exercises. The only setback is that exercise bikes concentrate only on leg plus buttock muscles. For optimum results, it is highly recommended that you workout on the exercise bike for extended periods of time.

Listed below, are some of the benefits of stationary bikes:

The Pros

–          User friendly.

–          Convenient.

–          Compact size, thus making it suitable for home use.

–          Suitable for persons with orthopedic issues.

–          Can be used throughout the year. It does not matter whether it’s winter, summer or fall.

–          You can follow your favorite TV program while working out on exercise bikes.

–          Minimal impact to the joints, hips, spine and ankles.

–          Developing a rhythmic pace is quite easy, thus making it suitable for fat burning.

–           Suitable for developing leg strength.

–          Modern models come with built-in fan. This in turn keeps you cool and fresh throughout the workout session.

If you would like to gain from benefits outlined above, shop online for your exercise bike today.

Stage II Breast Cancer Survival Rate

The 8 year stage II breast cancer survival rate after the initial diagnosis in the United States may differ depending on the size of the cancer. Other factors that may influence the 8 year survival rate include:

–          If the cancerous cells have spread to the lymph nodes in the armpit.

–          If the cancerous cells have multiplied to other parts of the body.

In case the tumor is less than two centimeters in size and has multiplied to the lymph nodes beneath the armpits, then the cancer is classified as stage 2A breast cancer. The survival rate at this stage is approximated between 88 and 92 percent. This is according to the American Cancer Society and the National Cancer Institute.

In case the tumor is between 2cm and 5cm in size and has not multiplied to the lymph nodes, it is also classified as stage 2A breast cancer. However, if the tumor is between 2cm and 5cm in size and has multiplied to the lymph nodes, it is then classified as stage 2B breast cancer. At this stage, the survival rate is roughly 8 years. Then again, in case the tumor is bigger than 5cm and has not multiplied past the breast tissues, it is classified as stage 2B breast cancer.

According to studies carried out by the National Cancer Institute, it is believed that roughly 29 percent of white women are diagnosed with stage II breast cancer. The study went further to reveal that 36 percent of black women are diagnosed with stage II breast cancer. 60% of cancer diagnosis are usually localized (i.e. stage I breast cancer). Should the tumor be diagnosed in the early stages, that is, stage I breast cancer the 8 year survival rate is increased by more than 98 percent. The key to saving the life of a cancer patient is detecting the cancer in its early stages.

Improving once survival rate

Luckily for stage II breast cancer patients, a lot of effort has been put to ensure that everyone has access to information in regards to early detection of breast cancer. Coupled with enhanced treatment for stage II breast cancer, the survival rate for stage II breast cancer has increased over the last couple of years.

Women can ensure that they live more than the approximated 8 years by carrying out self-examination tests on a monthly basis. Women who are aged above 20 ought to make certain that they go for clinical examinations once in every three years. On the other hand, women who are aged above 40 ought to make clinical examinations for breast cancer part and parcel of their yearly health check-up. This is in addition to mammogram tests.

Prevention is also key to enhancing the 8 year survival rate of stage II breast cancer. Practicing healthy lifestyle, for example, eating a well-balanced diet and avoiding junk and processed foods, regular exercises and minimizing alcohol consumption. According to recent studies carried out by CDC – Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the risk of stage II breast cancer advances with age. Therefore, leading a healthy lifestyle ensures that one is not prone to stage II breast cancer.

Recurrence rate 

There are also studies which show a recurrence of roughly 10 percent in women who have suffered from stage II breast cancer and have managed to get rid of the cancerous cells. What’s more is that, younger women have higher chances of surviving stage II breast cancer compared to older women.

General survival rate

The general survival rate for women diagnosed with stage II breast cancer can be more than 85%. The survival rate for women diagnosed with stage I breast cancer is approximated at 98 percent. The survival rate for women diagnosed with stage II breast cancer is roughly 83 percent. However, the survival rate for women diagnosed with either stage III breast cancer or stage IV breast cancer is roughly 23 percent.

Stage II Breast Cancer Information

What is stage 2 breast cancer?

Stage 2 breast cancer denotes a little bit more progressed type of breast cancer. In stage II breast cancer, the cancerous cells have extended past the initial site and into the neighboring breast cells. At this phase, the malignant growth is bigger than stage I ailment. Nonetheless, stage 2 breast cancer denotes that the cancerous cells have not yet spread further into the body.

The 8 year stage 2 breast cancer survival rate is roughly 70 percent. This means that a majority of women with stage II breast cancer will live for a minimum of 8 years once they have been diagnosed. However, numerous studies have found that majorities of women diagnosed with stage 2 breast cancer normally live longer than the estimated 8 years.

At this stage, the malignant tumor is identified as a hard growth in the breast during breast self-examination. It is important for one to consistently do regular breast self-examination and go for regular screening from time to time as these are crucial in identifying the tumor at an early stage.

Stage 2 breast cancer is a little bit more complex. It denotes that the malignant tumor is a little bit bigger and might have begun to the cancerous cells to look for more places to thrive in. If that is the case, then the cancerous cells have moves as far as the lymph nodes, and as such are confined in that region and are hindered from affecting other organs in the body.

Stage 2 breast cancer can be categorized into:

–          Stage 2A

–          Stage 2B

Breast cancer stage 2 A

In this stage:

–          The cancerous cells are not bigger than two centimeters in dimension. However, they have already reached the lymph nodes found beneath the armpit.

–          The cancerous cells can measure between two and five centimeters in dimension. Nevertheless, they have not reached the lymph nodes beneath the armpit.

Breast cancer stage 2 B

In this stage:

–          The cancerous cells measure between two and five centimeters in dimension and have already reached the lymph nodes found beneath the armpit.

–          The cancerous cells are bigger than five centimeters and have not yet reached the lymph nodes found underneath the armpit.

Once the cancerous cells have spread to the lymph nodes, the only treatment is surgery. Mastectomy and lumpectomy are the types of surgeries used to treat breast cancer stage 2. The surgeries are usually followed by chemotherapy as well as radiation. Radiation is usually administered so as to make certain that the cancerous cells are eliminated totally. Chemotherapy is given to the patient just in case the cancerous cells managed to break past the lymph barriers. Given that chemo is designed to flow throughout the body, it functions in destroying the cancerous cells that may be in other parts of the body. The type of treatment that you receive will not only be determined by you, but also your physician.

Given that there are different variants of breast cancer, it is important to point out that there is no single treatment that can cure all of them. Most physicians will recommend carrying out chemotherapy prior to a surgical procedure. While this might not denote anything, your physician simply wants to shrink the malignant tumor and slay the cancerous cells prior to getting rid of the growth.

The recurrence of stage 2 breast cancer is less than 50 percent, the smaller the lump, the lesser the likelihoods of the growth coming back. If there are no nodes detected and the malignant tumor is small, the recurrence rate over a period of twenty years is roughly 33 percent. However, if the swelling is bigger or the cancerous cells have already spread past the original lump, the recurrence is approximately 44 percent.

There are no medical proofs to suggest which types of swellings are likely to recur. It is for this reason that chemotherapy is usually administered in all patients diagnosed with breast cancer stage 2. There could be likelihood that you do not require chemo – that each single cancerous cell has been eliminated through surgery. Nonetheless, your physician will not want to take the risk of enhancing the chance of a recurrence by avoiding chemotherapy.

The following are the up-to-date stage 2 breast cancer survival rate:

–          Stage 2A – 88 percent.

–          Stage 2B – 76 percent.

Note that, when you are going through these figures, the medications that are being utilized to cure breast cancer have greatly improved over the past 10 years. As such, these statistics do not necessarily apply to persons that are currently being diagnosed with stage 2 breast cancers. Most survivors of stage 3 breast cancer and stage 4 breast cancers are likely to live past the estimated five year mark. Hence, you should not allow statistics to scare you.

Breast cancer is just like any other disease. Thanks to improved technology, there are now new tools that are being used in the research process to help come up with better medication. There was an era when stage 2 breast cancer prognosis was akin to a death sentence. However, this has changed. Even if you do have a recurrence of breast cancer stage 2, you can still lead a healthy and normal life. With proper medication accompanied by good diet, you can prolong your life by at least 10 years.

As pointed out earlier, the earlier the disease is diagnosed, the better the chances of survival. In a bid to increase awareness on breast cancer, most hospitals are now holding free clinics where one can go and determine whether they are suffering from breast cancer and what they can do to prevent it. It is important to attend these clinics whenever they are held in your area. In addition, you need to learn how to do breast self-test. By doing so, you can be in a position to detect the disease at an early stage thereby allowing you to seek for a better treatment other than surgery.